The research materials were gums harvested from the Apricot trees cultivating in several regions of RA. By the methods of spectral analysis (PMR 1H and NMR 13C) the structure of Apricot gums polysaccharide fraction was detected. From the analysis of PMR 1H and NMR 13C spectra it is obvious that polysaccharide complex fraction is composed from the rest of α- L-arabionopyranose, β -L-arabionopyranose, α- D-galactopyranose, β -D-galactopyranose, α -D-glucopyranose, β -D-glucopyranose. Low molecular compounds in nonpolar fraction of apricot gum were determined by GC-MS method.The results show that in Rt1=22.5, Rt2=26.3, Rt3=31.4. Simple phenols were registered – peaks of catechols` hydroquinones, pyrogallols, amounds of which are respectively 7.58%, 4.27%, 5.69%.